Homeowner Association Open Space Management

The common area within a cluster/open space development is often owned and managed through a homeowners association. Homeowner association open space, or HOA open space, has become a typical part of subdivisions and land developments in Chester County. These common areas involve a management plan, often limited to mowed fields, even on wetlands, steep slopes and stream banks. In many cases, HOA open space could be better-managed as natural areas or as internal loop trails, enhancing the environment while reducing maintenance and energy costs. Such properties need to be managed in perpetuity.

HOA open space management concerns include maintaining native vegetation and biodiversity, providing security and liability coverage, trail access and maintenance, and securing maintenance funding and staff. The key to managing HOA open spaces is developing guidelines for the HOA to follow. These guidelines can call for retention basins to be properly managed rather than just mowed, or for riparian buffers to be maintained. The guidelines should also address access to HOA open spaces where appropriate so that the public can "connect" with nearby natural resources. In most settings, trails are the preferred mechanism for providing this access. Access must be balanced to avoid overuse. Furthermore, there should be guidance regarding security and liability coverage, trail access, and maintenance.


The maintenance of HOA open space areas offers the following benefits:


The maintenance of HOA open space could be difficult due to the following:

How to Use This Tool

HOAGuidelines can be developed by the HOA, or natural resource protection measures can be included in municipal ordinances and regulations, and then applied to HOA property. Municipalities can also adopt provisions requiring that HOA maintenance guidelines be created for all new developments which include HOA open space. Trails within HOA open space can be designated in a municipal comprehensive plan or in a official map.

Municipalities should also require that the HOA is adequately capitalized to ensure that the open space areas can be properly maintained in perpetuity, and that future repairs that require large capital outlays can be funded. Municipal approval of subdivisions and land developments should include provisions for contacting responsible persons who serve on the HOA board to ensure that emergency repairs can be completed quickly.

Related References

Related Tools