Campaign of 1777: Battle of Brandywine
The Battle of the Brandywine was a critical military encounter of the American Revolution. Lands within and leading to this battle, spanning both Chester and Delaware Counties, are considered a resource of national significance by Landscapes2. To plan for the historic resources within the battlefield, it is important to understand how the battle was staged.
Specific Plans that implement recommendations of the Brandywine Battlefield Preservation Plan
The 2013 Brandywine Battlefield Preservation Plan recommends 13 battlefield strategic landscapes for further consideration and planning. Theses strategic landscapes are being examined in phases due to the complexity of the battle and large size of the battlefield. Plans for specific areas in Chester County and Delaware County represent phase one battlefield strategic landscapes planning. These areas in Chester County include: Marshallton Strategic Landscape, Trimble's Ford and Jefferis' Ford Strategic Landscapes, and Sconnelltown/Strode's Mill Strategic Landscape in East Bradford, West Bradford, Pocopson, and Newlin Townships. These areas in Delaware County include: Rearguard Defense Strategic Landscape and Strategic Retreat Strategic Landscape in Chadds Ford, Thornbury, and Concord Townships. Together, the four Landscapes in Chester County form the northern Brandywine Battlefield, where tactical battle staging occurred during the morning and into the afternoon the day of the battle, September 11, 1777. The Landscapes in Delaware County represent the final legs of the battle, including the ‘last stand’ of the battle and the American Retreat. Strategic Landscapes and their features are areas to focus battle-related local planning, land conservation, historic resource protection, and heritage interpretation efforts. Collectively, such planning efforts within the battlefield honor and preserve areas that exhibit Chester County's and Delaware County's role in American history and our nation's founding, and simultaneously maintain sense of place and enhanced quality of life for residents and visitors.
Brandywine Battlefield Preservation Plan
The plan presents recommendations on how to better preserve the battlefield's open spaces and historic landscapes. Over 200 historic resources are inventoried within the Brandywine Battlefield including buildings, meetinghouses, fords, and landscapes that were the location of combat and of battle-related events. View Publication
2010 Battlefield Study
Battle Animated Map
The animated maps for the Battles of Brandywine, Paoli, and Clouds are based upon work assisted by a grant from the Department of the Interior, National Park Service's American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP). View Animation
A video entitled "The Battle of Brandywine" was produced by the 2010 study project manager, Sean Moir, to further the public outreach efforts about the findings of the study and the history of the battle. The video features the order of battle, military artwork by Bryant White and Pamela Patrick White, and terrain and cultural resource analysis which brings the animated map and the project to life. View Videos
Technical Report and Maps
The Study included a technical report of findings and recommendations, which included identifying and mapping the extent of battlefield for the first time and recommending completion of a battlefield preservation plan.
This mapped battlefield extent from this study is currently the national American Battlefield Protection Program accepted battlefield bounds and the recommendations preservation plan was completed in 2013.
- Battle of Brandywine Technical Report
- Appendix A: Battle Map
- Appendix B: National Historic Landmark Boundaries
- Appendix C: Brandywine Project Area
- Appendix D: Project Area Expansion
- Appendix E: Wall Map
- Appendix F: KOCOA Topography
- Appendix G: KOCOA Overall
- Appendix H: KOCOA Cultural Topography
- Appendix I: KOCOA Birmingham Hill Fields of Fire
- Appendix J: KOCOA Birmingham Hill Viewshed
- Appendix K: KOCOA Osbourne Hill Viewshed
- Appendix L: KOCOA Chads' Ford Fields of Fire
- Appendix M: KOCOA Chads' Ford Viewshed East
- Appendix N: KOCOA Chads' Ford Viewshed West
- Appendix O: KOCOA Dilworthtown Fields of Fire
- Appendix P: KOCOA Dilworthtown Viewshed South
- Appendix Q: KOCOA Dilworthtown Viewshed Southeast
- Appendix R: Archaeological Assessment
- Appendix S: Proposed Study Area for the Expanded Landmark
- Appendix T: 1777 Trail Loop
Update to 2010 Battle Animated Map
As part of a holistic exhibit space renovation including installation of a 1777 Philadelphia Campaign permanent exhibit, Chester County Historical Society retained Sean Moir, former 2010 Study Project Manager and current President of Western Heritage Mapping, to update the 2010 Animated Map based on refined findings in CCPC's Strategic Landscapes Plans project. The Strategic Landscapes Plans are geared toward collaborative local planning and implementation efforts and updating the animated map is one of the plan recommendations. This provides an excellent example of a local battlefield partnership implementation effort. View the updated animated map.
Battlefield Protection Strategies, A Guide for Brandywine Battlefield Communities
Successful protection of the Brandywine Battlefield must begin at the local level. This guide has been developed for use by the communities within the Battlefield to assist in efforts for its protection, and that of related resources. View Publication